Editions on CD:


• Corpus of Spanish Emblem Books

• The Golden Age of European Emblematics

• Emblems of Wither & Rollenhagen

• Alciato, Emblemata. Critical Edition

• Emblems of the Society of Jesus

• Renaissance Books of Imprese

• Baroque Repertories of Imprese


• Hieroglyphics

• Animal Symbolism

• Mythographies


• Renaissance Numismatics

• Complete Works of Hubert Goltzius

proverbial wisdom

• Erasmus’ Adagia. Versions and Sources


• Covarrubias, Tesoro de la lengua española

complete works

• Baltasar Gracián

Treasures of Kalocsa

• Book of Psalms
MS 382, c. 1438


9. Animalia. Nature and the Symbology of Animals in the European Renaissance and Baroque

Presentation by José Julio García Arranz

IF THERE IS ONE FASCINATING IDEA,  and a fecund one, it is the one inherited from the Middle Ages, that sees the world and nature as a great book opened by God before the eyes of men so that they can interpret it and know its message. Time and again the authors of emblems, imprese and moral literature in general remind us that more can be learned from observing brute beasts than from observing our fellow men, in the same way that more is learned by listening to a fable than by reading a theoretical treatise. Thus the utilization of images and allusions to animals are charged with a dense symbology that one must know how to interpret. The books that we publish on this CD hold all the keys.

In these works we will find points of reference about the characteristics and the behavior of animals, and the lessons that can be learned from them. We will be able to see the evolution of animalistic thought, and to trace the transformations of any of their images, from the venerable Classical treatises of Aristotle, Pliny or Aelian, passing through the medieval encyclopedia by Isidore of Seville, the Physiologus attributed to Saint Epiphanius and the progressive Christianization of its contents carried out by Bochart, up until the latest manifestations by authors of the Spanish Counter-Reformation, such as the work by Ferrer de Valdecebro. And, as in the other CDs by Studiolum, we will be able to compare different editions with ease and analyze the variants that appear in the different languages.

In preparation.


Titles included:

Classical and medieval sources:

• Aelian, Historia animalium (Zurich editio princeps by Conrad Gesner)
• Aesop, Fabulae (Lyon 1571, commentary by Joachim Camerarius 1571, and illustrated)
• Aristotle, De animalibus (Basel 1548, of the Opera Omnia); Historia general de aves y animales (Valencia 1621)
• Albertus Magnus, De animalibus (Lyon 1621, of the Opera Omnia), (Frankfurt 1545, German, illustrated)
• Bartholomeus Anglicus, Encyclopedia, Book XI on the animals (Toulouse 1494 Spanish by Fray Vicente de Burgos; Augsburg 1505 Latin; London 1571 English, translation and annotation by J. Batman)
• Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII on the animals (Madrid 1599 editio optima, with commentaries by various authors)
• Philes, Versus iambici de animalium proprietate, cum auctario Joachimi Camerarii (Heidelberg 1596)
• Pliny, Naturalis historia, Books VII-XI on the animals (Paris 1685 ed. by Harduin; Frankfurt 1565, German, illustrtated; Madrid 1621, Spanish by Jerónimo de Huerta)
• Plutarch, De sollertia animalium. (Basel 1571 Greek-Latin, tr. by Guilielmus Xylander; Salamanca 1571, Spanish by de Diego Gracián; Paris 1612, French by Jacques Amyot; London 1603 English by Philemon Holland)
• Solinus, Rerum memorabilium (Basel 1543, Latin with commentary by P. Olivares; Seville 1573, Spanish by Cristóbal de las Casas)

Renaissance and Baroque manuals:

• Aneau, Barthélemy, Description des animaulx (Lyon 1549)
• Bochart, Samuel, Hierozoicon sive bipartitum opus de animalibus sacrae scripturae (London 1663)
• Camerarius, Joachim, jun. Symbolorum et emblematum centuria. (Nuremberg 1590-1604)
• Cortés, Jerónimo, Libro y tratado de los animales terrestres y volatiles. (Valencia 1615)
• Marcuello, Francesco, Primera parte de la historia natural y moral de las aves (Madrid 1617)
• Nieremberg, J. E, Historia naturae, maxime peregrinae, libri XVI (Antwerp 1635)
• Physiologus (Paris 1618, Greek-Latin with the commentaries of Nicolas Caussin)
• Ramírez de Carrión, Maravillas de naturaleza (Córdoba 1629)
• Simson, Archibald, Hieroglyphica animalium (Edimburgo 1622)
• Ferrer de Valdecebro, Andrés, Gobierno general, moral y político, hallado en las fieras y animales sylvestres (Madrid 1658)
• Ferrer de Valdecebro, Andrés, Gobierno general, moral y político, hallado en las aves ... añadido con las aves monstruosas (Madrid 1683)
• Werdmiller, Otho, Similitudines ab omni animalium genere desumptae (Zurich 1555)


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• 5.4: RSA: A Recapitulation

• 4.4: DVD edition of Covarrubias, Tesoro de la lengua española

• 18.3: Treasures of Kalocsa, Vol. 1: Psalterium MS 382



Discreet Reader

Sancho Panza and the Turtle

An Encounter with the Inquisition

Phoenix on the top of the palm tree

Canis reversus

His Master’s Voice

Virgil’s best verse

Related to this CD: To eat turtle or not to eat it

blog of studiolum

•  Chinatown

•  Un viaje a la mente barroca

•  Unde Covarrubias Hungaricè didicit?


open library

• Bibliography of Hispanic Emblematics

• Horapollo, Hieroglyphica 1547

• Alciato, Emblemata 1531

• The Album Amicorum of Franciscus Pápai Páriz

• Ludovicus Carbo, De Mathiae regis rebus gestis (c. 1473-75)

• Epistolary of Pedro de Santacilia y Pax

medio maravedí

Texts and Studies of Medieval and Golden Age Spanish Literature